COUGH

DRY

DRY

TREATMENT OF A

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DRY COUGH2018-09-14T11:14:20+00:00

DRY COUGH

It is typically caused by viral infections, a smoky or dry environment, air pollution, allergies, asthma, acid reflux, acute bronchitis, croup and certain medications.1,2,3

SYMPTOMS:1,2,3

There is no mucous or phlegm produced in this cough

The cough sounds dry and can be persistent

The cough can be irritating, nagging and can tickle the airways

TYPICAL CAUSES:1,2,3

Allergies, gastro-oesophageal reflux, croup, or certain medicines can also cause a dry cough

Viral upper respiratory tract infections are some of the most common causes of a dry cough

A smoky, dry environment or air pollution can cause an irritating dry cough

DRY COUGH MANAGEMENT OPTIONS

Since a dry cough does not present with phlegm or mucus and the lungs do not have to cough it up, it serves no physiological useful purpose, and can therefore be suppressed, if there is no identifiable cause and if it is disruptive, e.g. disturbing your sleep.3 Effective suppression of a dry cough will provide daytime and nighttime relief and help to prevent complications such as fatigue and sleep deprivation .4 Treatment improves quality of life and prevents persistent coughing.4

Below are management options to help relieve a dry cough.

SUPPRESSANTS

Cough suppressants suppress the cough center in the brain to relieve a dry cough1 Examples include codeine and pholcodine and dextromethorphan.1

NASAL DECONGESTANT

A cough suppressant combined with a nasal decongestant can also help relieve a dry cough and a blocked nose.6

ANTIHISTAMINES

Sedating antihistamines act as cough suppressants but also dry up nasal secretions.1 They are useful when a cough and cold occur together.3

Your doctor or pharmacist will be able to assist you in choosing the appropriate cough mixture for your condition.

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