A closer look at cough syrups for a dry, irritating cough
Cough suppressants or antitussives work on the cough centre of the brain to suppress a dry, irritating cough and provide day time and night time relief 1,4. Cough suppressants are used when the cough is dry and there is no mucus or phlegm present, there is no identifiable cause and it is disruptive e.g. disturbing your sleep 1-4,6.
Amongst the many cough suppressant syrups available, those containing codeine are some of the most frequently 1,7,8. Although codeine is effective in relieving that nagging cough it does pose some side effects that you should be aware of such as constipation, drug addiction (habit forming), confusion, feeling dizzy and vertigo 8-11.
This molecule has received a lot of limelight in the last few years because of its abuse and misuse. This problem has also been highlighted in South Africa. The Medicines Control Council of South Africa now known as SAHPRA (South African Health Products Regulatory Authority), is in the process of implementing certain measures and restrictions on the purchase of codeine to reduce the risk of abuse or misuse 12.
Before taking cough syrup, speak to your health care provider or pharmacist about the right cough syrup to suit your type of cough.
DISCLAIMER: This editorial has been commissioned and brought to you by iNova Pharmaceuticals. Content in this editorial is for general information only and is not intended to provide medical or other professional advice. For more information on your medical condition and treatment options, speak to your healthcare professional.
Name and business address of the holder of the certificate of registration: iNova Pharmaceuticals (Pty) Ltd,. Co. Reg. No. 1952/001640/07, 15e Riley Road, Bedfordview. Tel. No. 011 087 0000. www.inovapharma.co.za. For further information, speak to your healthcare professional. Further information is available on request from iNova Pharmaceuticals. IN3088/19
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- Data on file
- Girdwood RH, editor. Clinical pharmacology. 25th edition. Edinburgh: Bailliere Tindall; 1985. p. 328.